Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina (TR31v)

Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina (TR31v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex hieroglyph, usually simply representing the title "tecuhtli" (also spelled teuctli) for lord, or high noble, here stands for the name of the Mexica ruler Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina, or the elder. The glyph is a diadem that is largely turquoise blue, but with some horizontal black lines, red trim, and a gold and red tie for the back of the head, so it has more decoration than the usual diadem. The diadem or crown is shown in profile, facing toward the viewer's right. It is a phonetic indicator for the middle of the name (-tecuh). Of course it also has a semantic value.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The diadem or crown, called xiuhhuitzolli in Nahuatl, is often used simply to represent tecuhtli (also spelled teuctli) (lord). Apparently this one, however, has distinguishing features that set it apart from the usual triangular red crown.

Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina lived ca. c. 1398–1469. The contextualizing image shows a date of 1441 next to the figure of the ruler.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

huehuē moteuhc

Gloss Normalization: 

Huehue Motecuhzoma

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


gobernantes mexicas, emperadores, teuctli

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 31 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection,

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: