Oxitipan (Mdz55r)

Oxitipan (Mdz55r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph stands for the place name Oxitipan. It features a ceramic bowl of oxitl, a resinous liquid used in herbal remedies. The terracotta-colored bowl (xicalli) also includes a serving implement, terracotta in color and resting at an angle. The oxitl is black and appears to be in lumps. The xicalli (container, which came to be "jícara" in Spanish) has a thin black line running horizontally just under the rim. The -ti- is not expressed visually. The locative suffix (-ipan) is represented by a white vertical flag flying toward the viewer's right.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Medicines derived from oxitl are still made and sold in Mexico today, in the form of a pomade or unguent. The -ipan (meaning on or in) is represented by the flag (panitl). The suffix -pan is also a locative, although it is only occasionally represented visually. Many times it is simply understood and known by people who would recognize the town name from its other visual components. Furthermore, another way of representing the -pan locative suffix, when shown visually, is sometimes with a footprint, as we see in Iztapan. Here, the -pan suffix is connected to the Oxi- stem using the ligature -ti-, which is not required, as Frances Karttunen points out.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

oxitipan. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Oxitipan, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

medicines, remedies, medicinas, resins, pomades, unguents, resinas, ungüentos, pomadas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

oxi(tl), a turpentine unguent, a resinous liquid used in herbal remedies, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/oxitl
pan(itl), flag or banner, or on, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/panitl
-ti- (ligature), https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/ti
ipan, on or in, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org

Karttunen’s Interpretation: 

"Where Oxitl is Used" (not offering an alternative to what Berdan and Anawalt suggest) [Frances Karttunen, unpublished manuscript, used here with her permission.]

Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

"Where Oxitl is Used" (Berdan and Anawalt, 1992, vol. 1, p. 197)

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 55 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 116 out of 188

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).