Oxitlan (Mdz46r)

Oxitlan (Mdz46r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph stands for the place name Oxitlan. It features a ceramic bowl of oxitl, a resinous liquid used in herbal remedies. The substance is in a bowl (xicalli) with a serving implement. Both the bowl and the serving implement are terracotta colored. The oxitl is black and appears to be in lumps. The xicalli has a thin black line running horizontally across the trapezoidal container. The locative suffix (-tlan) is represented by two white front teeth with red gums (tlantli), which offer only the phonetic, not the semantic, value.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The locative suffix -tlan (by or among), does not specify abundance the way the suffix -tla (or -tlah, including the glottal stop), does. The gloss clearly shows the final "n" on the locative.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Oxitlan, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

medicines, remedies, medicinas, resins, pomades, unguents, resinas, ungüentos, pomadas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

"By the Unguent" (Whittaker, 2021, p. 67); "Where Oxitl Abounds" (Berdan and Anawalt, 1992, p. 197)

Whittaker's Transliteration: 

OXI—tlan (2021, 67)

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 46 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 102 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).