Pahuacan (MH661v)

Pahuacan (MH661v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the place name Pahuacan ("Where There Is Fruit") shows a mountain (semantic for the altepetl or the locative suffix -can, where) linked to a flag (panitl, providing the phonetic “Pa” start to the name). The flag is vertical, rectangular, attached to a staff, and it has two curving banners flying off from the top of the staff.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This flag seems to be one that is typically associated with the festival devoted to Huitzilopochtli and the fifteenth month, Panquetzaliztli, in the xiuhpohualli calendar. The gloss has a missing “n” that should be on the start of the place name (“Pan-”).

The profile of a man's head inside the mountain does not seem to contribute to the reading. It may be that the tlacuilo originally just had the flag serving as the glyph, attached to the head of the tribute payer. Then, the tlacuilo had a later thought and added the mountain, as a semantic locative.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

banderas, lugares, frutas, montañas, cerros, nombres de lugares, barrios

Museum & Rare Book Comparisons: 
Museum/Rare Book Notes: 

This public domain image of the Panquetzaliztli, 15th month fiesta, shows a man holding a large flag associated with the events. This page from the Tovar Codex was digitized by the John Brown Carter Library.

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Donde Tienen Banderas (o tal vez, donde celebran Panquetzaliztli?)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 661v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: