panitl (Mdz71r)

panitl (Mdz71r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the iconographic example of a rectangular flag or banner (panitl) also serves as a notation for the number 20. It is attached to a vertical stick, and the flag-part appears to be white.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

See the contextualizing image to see how each banner counts for twenty, plus an additional ten ones, adding up to seventy, which is what the gloss indicates ("setenta," Spanish for 70). The twenties and the ones are attached to round turquoise-colored mosaics, which stand for xihuitl (year). So, the reference is to 70 years, the age of an older man ("viejo" in Spanish), someone with "hijos and nietos" (children and grandchildren), who is featured on the folio.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Shapes and Perspectives: 

flags, banners, banderas, números, cuentas, matemáticas, veintes, turquesa, xiuhpohualli, año, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

pan(itl), flag or banner,
cuachpami(tl), a standard, a flag, or a banner,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

(una bandera que tiene el valor del número veinte)

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 71 recto,, image 152 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Historical Contextualizing Image: