Pantecatl (MH653r)

Pantecatl (MH653r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Pantecatl ("One from Pantitlan" or one who was given a famous name) is attested here as a man's name. The glyph is simple a vertical, rectangular, white flag, facing toward the viewer's right.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Panitl and pamitl are more accurate than the oft-cited pantli for glyphs with flags or banners, according to Gordon Whittaker (personal communication). Apparently panitl was more common in "Mexico, the Tepanec heartland, and perhaps Colhuacan and Chalco", and pamitl in "northern and eastern flanks of the Valley of Mexico" (Jorge Klor de Alva, The Work of Bernardino de Sahagún: Pioneer Ethnographer of Sixteenth-century Aztec Mexico (Albany, NY: Institute for Mesoamerican Studies, the University at Albany, State University of New York, 1988), 323. These subtle distinctions can be important in decipherment work, and therefore it is important that we are careful to record relevant evidence. For this reason, it is significant to note that we do have at least two attestations of the name glossed as "Pantli"--in the Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 601 verso and 616 recto. Because place names and personal names rarely end with an absolutive, the origen of the element "pan" can be difficult to know. Pantli (which can also translate as row or wall) and tecpantli (ditto, but also the number 20), both of which can appear visually as flags (serving as phonetic indicators), confuse efforts to keep all these terms straight.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

juā patecatl

Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Pantecatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


pulque, flags, banderas, etnicidad, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Pantecatl, the divine force of Pulque, someone from Pantitlan, etc.,
pan(itl), flag,
pam(itl), flag or agricultural furrow,
-tecatl (affiliation suffix), inhabitant of,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

(persona de Pantitlan o el dios del pulque)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 653r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: