Pechxocotlan (RGTyM)

Pechxocotlan (RGTyM)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This colorful compound glyph for the place name Pechxocotlan may be "Near a Carpet of Hog Plums." It consists of a brown and white jug (comitl), perhaps filled with green, brown, and blue xocotl flowers. The tepetl (hill or mountain) upon which the jug sits could serve as a silent locative. Interestingly, the hill is divided vertically in half, with the right side a sky blue and the left side brown. A white border surrounds the hill, including a horizontal line at the base.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The phonetic "co" in the name is provided by the comitl, which is redundant if we recognize the flowers as xocotl. The reading of this compound glyph is tentative and calls for further research. The paper has a fold right where the gloss appears, making "fabrica de" and the start of the toponym uncertain.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

fabrica de pechxcotlan

Gloss Normalization: 

Fabrica de Pechxocotlan (?)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Tzompanco (contemporary Zumpango del Río, Guerrero), with a connection to the Diocese of Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

plants, plantas, fruits, frutas, cerámica, cántaros, ollas, hills, cerros, mountains, montañas, nombres de lugares, pueblos, estancias, topónimos

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

pech(tli), carpet or flooring,
xoco(tl), hog plum,
com(itl), ceramic pot or jug,
-tlan, among, often found as a suffix on place names,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Cerca del Cerro de los Jocotes

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

The source of these hieroglyphs is a manuscript and map known collectively as the “Relación de Tistla y Muchitlan,” also known as the “Descripción de la Alcaldia Mayor de las Minas de Zumpango.” Apparently, these towns (today spelled Tixtla and Mochitlan) are in the modern-day state of Guerrero, but they fell under the religious jurisdiction of the Diocese of Tlaxcala. Thanks go to Octavio Márquez for his contribution of the glyph, gloss, and contextualizing images.

Image Source, Rights: 

The original manuscript is hosted on line as part of the Benson Latin American Collection, The General Libraries, University of Texas at Austin, It is open-access.

Historical Contextualizing Image: