Petlatlan (Mdz38r)

Petlatlan (Mdz38r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph represents the place name Petlatlan. At the top is the element of the woven mat (petlatl), and below that the teeth (tlantli) that provide the phonetic value of the locative suffix, -tlan. The horizontal petlatl is a standard yellow color, and the classic weaving pattern is like a herringbone. The teeth are the very typical two front teeth, white, with red gums above them.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

It is important to remember that the teeth have no meaning in the place name; rather, they provide the phonetic element for the locative suffix. And, it is clear from the gloss that the suffix is -tlan (place of) and not -tla or tlah (place of abundance of).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

petlatlan / puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Petlatlan, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

mats, petates, teeth, dientes

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Karttunen’s Interpretation: 

"Reed Mat Place" [Frances Karttunen, unpublished manuscript, used here with her permission.]

Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

"Where There are Many Mats" (Berdan and Anawalt, 1992, vol. 1, 199)

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

"El Lugar de Petates"

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 38 recto,, image 86 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).