Tecuhzol (MH508r)

Tecuhzol (MH508r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Tecuhzol (or perhaps Tecueczol, as it appears in the gloss) features the head of a quail (zolin) in profile, looking toward the viewer's left. On its head is a xiuhhuitzolli, the diadem that serves as the hieroglyph for the title for the lord or high noble, tecuhtli. The diadem is tied at the back. The quail has black markings on its head, and its beak is turned downward.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Since quail did not really wear diadems, perhaps there was a type of quail that appeared to wear a diadem, having an appendage on the top of its head. It may also be that the intention in the name is to refer to something wretched, as the suffix -zol can mean, and the quail head is there as a phonetic indicator. Perhaps the -zolli suffix of xihuitzolli is indicated by the phonetic zolin, and Tecuhzolli is another name for a lord's diadem.

The quail had a role in the religious life of the Nahuas, largely serving as offerings. Their remains are very prevalent in the finds at the Templo Mayor, and they are prominent in the Mixtecs' Codex Nuttall. For further information see Elena Mazzetto, "Quail in the Religious Life of the Ancient Nahuas", en Milbrath, Susan y Elizabeth Baquedano (coords.), 2023, Birds and Beasts of Ancient Mesoamerica. Animal Symbolism in the Postclassic Period, Denver, University Press of Colorado, pp. 200-219.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Tecuhzol (or perhaps Tecueczol)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

codornices, quail, birds, pájaros, diadems, diademas, crowns, coronas, señores, teuctli

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 508r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=95&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: