Temilo (MH513v)

Temilo (MH513v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph of a warrior hairstyle (temilotli) shows the man with the name Temilo wearing such a hairstyle. He is shown in profile view, facing toward the viewer's right. Unusual for the Matrícula de Huexotzinco, the man's face is painted a flesh tone. On top of his head is a clump of hair that is tied in the way reminiscent of the tzontli glyph. The tie might be a natural leather (not died red, as they sometimes are).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Two other examples of glyphs for the name Temilo appear below. These are both stones with a protrusion that is reminiscent of the angle of the hairstyle, tzontli going off above the head. Those two examples of Temilo employ a stone as a phonetic complement. This one does not. Another Temilo from the MH shows the base of a column, pointing to the term temimilli (as suggested by Alfonso Lacadena, 2018, 85), meaning "round stone column." This is another, completely different approach to the name Temilo, removed considerably from the warrior hairstyle, but still within scribal discretionary leeway. This hairstyle, with the curving tzontli going off the top of the head, is somewhat reminiscent of the way corn silk bends over from the top of a cob of corn (see below).

The name Temilo deserves further research. A folklore character named Temilo was associated with Mount Tlaloc and was said--in a twenty-first-century ethnographic retelling--to represent the "devil" and have a role in the construction of the cathedral in Puebla. [See: Jay Sokolovsky, Indigenous Mexico Engages the 21st Century, 2016, p. 151.]

A don Pedro Temilo was the first governor or the Tlatelolco after the Spanish seized power. [See Justyna Olko, Insignia of Rank in the Nahua World, 2014, p. 210.]

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

Juao temillo

Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Temilo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


hair, pelo, cabellos, guerreros

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Peinado de Guerrero (?)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 513v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=106&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: