tenexcalli (MH487v)

tenexcalli (MH487v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing shows a simplex glyph for the building (tenexcalli) associated with the occupation involving the making of lime (tenextli) for construction. The building (in a frontal view) has something of a pyramid shape with a triangular arch and horizontal rows of cut stones. Flames and smoke emerge from the top of the building, as fire was used to burn limestone or chalk in the process of making lime.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

As the contextualizing image shows, this was the occupation of a man named Francisco Caltimal. As Mexico City was rebuilt and expand, and as Nahua pueblos all over central Mexico were seeing the construction of churches in the place of autonomous-era temples, the demand for lime was considerable. But lime was used prior to colonization, too. As can be seen in other glyphs, below, fire was also used in steam baths and for making salt, among other purposes.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huexotzinco, Matrícula de (MH)

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Xitlali Torres and Stephanie Wood


construction, construcción, fuego, fire, piedras, stone bricks

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

El Horno de Cal

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 487v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=54&st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: