Tezcacoacatl (Mdz18r)

Tezcacoacatl (Mdz18r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the title Tezcacoacatl merges two elements, a mirror [tezcatl, which is repeated five times, and a snake or serpent [coatl. Thus, the serpent has five mirrors along the part of its body that shows (the upper half). These mirrors are filled with red and a black dot in the middle. Surrounding the circles is a black skin. The belly of the snake is white. Its head is a mottled pink and white color. It is shown in profile, looking to the viewer's right. Its eye is open. Its red tongue is bifurcated.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

From the contextual/historical image, one can see that the title glyph is attached to a man's head. His name glyph is farther to the left, Ome Cuauh (or Cuauhtli, eagle). For another example of a serpent with circles on its skin, such as Tezcacoacatl has, see the example of one of the names Itzcoa from the Matrícula de Huexotzinco, below.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

snakes, serpentes, serpientes, mirrors, espejos

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 18 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 46 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Historical Contextualizing Image: