Tlaco (MH576v)

Tlaco (MH576v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Tlaco (perhaps “Middle Child," attested here as a man’s name) shows a frontal view of a device used to constrain an enslaved person (tlacotli). It involves a horizontal stick (tlacotl) with black hash marks or stripes and a half (tlaco] circle, perhaps the cuauhcozcatl, that would go around someone's neck. Another possibility is that he is a middle child, "Tlaco," but this is more commonly used for girls.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Given these three possibilities of logograms, a definitive translation is a challenge, just as it is a challenge to call this a "simplex" glyph. The most prominent visual choice for the translation is the tlacotli device, but we know that "Tlaco" (often a middle child, relating to the meaning "half") was a common name. John Frederick Schwaller explains (The Church in Colonial Latin America, 2000, 88) how Tiacapan was often the name of the oldest child, Tlaco the name of the middle child, and Xoco the youngest.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

peo. tlaco

Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Tlaco

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

1560

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Syntax (patterns): 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Keywords: 

families, familias, hijos, children, orden de nacimiento, esclavos, personas esclavizadas, tecnología, aparatos

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

El Segundo Hijo, o El Esclavo, o El Palo

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: