tlalehualli (CmpRG)

tlalehualli (CmpRG)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph referring to an earthen construction (tlalehualli), perhaps a mound, given the round shape, comes from from the Map of Cempohuallan (Zempoala, Cempoala). It comprises a dark gray circle with nine upright "U" shapes. A minor fold in the paper obscures one of the u's slightly.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The markings on the gray earth are reminiscent of the U's in glyphs relating to tlalli and milli (agricultural parcels). They are also seen on glyphs for ixtlahuatl) (plains). The exact nature of the earthen construction remains to be seen, but the earth has definitely been modified by humans, judging by the translation of tlalehualli, and perhaps it is an agricultural mound. And the gloss makes it clear that this mound pertains to the people of Cempohuallan (spelled variously). A known diphrase or difrasism has tlalehualli paired with acatzacualli (reed enclosure), resulting in "mound of earth" (montículo de tierra). The Gran Diccionario cites Sahagún's Florentine Codex, Book 6, Chapter 33, pointing to the spelling tlaleoalli. If not agricultural, such mounds of earth can be remnants of tetelli or tzacualli (which, besides referring to mounds can refer to pyramids).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

yntlalebal çenpo

Gloss Normalization: 

intlalehual Cempohualteca

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Zempoala, Hidalgo (Cempoala, Cempohuallan)

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood


land, earth, tierra, agricultura

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

tlalehual(li), earthen construction, Gran Diccionario,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

la construcción en tierra

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas, Austin

Historical Contextualizing Image: