Tlamauhco (MH486v)

Tlamauhco (MH486v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph for the place name Tlamauhco or Tlamaoco ("Place of Wise Men") shows a human eye (ixtli) with a red eyelid, a white pupil, and a white iris. There is one extra concentric half-circle compared to the usual ixtli glyphs, and this may be more of an effort to distinguish between an iris and a pupil. The locative suffix (-co) is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This eye is also called the starry eye or stellar eye, given how it can double as a star in the sky. This connection with celestial phenomena may relate to the meaning of the place name. The name seems to derive from tlamati, supposedly to "practice trickery or sorcery." However, the translation of sorcery may reveal a Christian bias on the part of the friar Alonso de Molina, and really the Nahuas saw the Tlamauh- (or Tlamao) as being wise, perhaps like a priest. Supporting this, the use of the eye (ixtli) for the glyph calls forth the verb ixtlamati, to be wise, prudent. Furthermore, Marc Thouvenot (2010, 178–181) explains how iximati (which can become imati, to manage cleverly or create skillfully) compares to mati (to know). Imati involves knowing through seeing, much like conocer might indicate in Spanish, and mati is "to know" as in saber in Spanish. Once again, then, the eye glyph is a semantic indicator for a place of wisdom.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

tlamavco

Gloss Normalization: 

Tlamauhco

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

1560

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Xitlali Torres

Keywords: 

ojos, eyes, stars, estrellas, conocimiento, sabiduría, tlamao, tlamauh

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

El Lugar de Sabios

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 486v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=52&st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: