Tochtzonco (Mdz48r)

Tochtzonco (Mdz48r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Tochtzonco contains two elements, a rabbit (tochtli) and a lock of human hair (tzontli) from the top of a head. A tzontli is also a number, standing for four hundred. The rabbit is only shown as a head, in profile, looking to the viewer's right. It is a textured gray-purple color, with white under the chin, white fangs, and a white (open) eye. The tzontli is upright, the hair comes to a point at the top, and the lower half is wrapped with what is a red leather thong. The locative suffix (-co), at or by, is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

A similar red leather tie is called a "cinta de cuero rojo," employed in the process of tying up one's hair to be converted into a warrior, according to Guy Stresser-Péan (1995, 45). (See our Bibliography for the full citation to his study.)

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Tochtzonco, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

conejos, cuatrocientos, cabello envuelto

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 48 recto,, image 106 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).