Tzinacantepec (T2682:10:16r)

Tzinacantepec (T2682:10:16r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This is a compound place glyph for Tzinacantepec. It consists of two visual elements, a bat (tzinacantli) providing the first part of the name, and hill or mountain (tepetl) contributing the second. The locative -c is typically combined with the tepe- to result in -tepec, "on the hill," and not represented visually on its own. The glyph is presented in frontal view with the bat perched on top of the hill with its wings up. The hill or mountain is outlined in black and painted green with some shading that gives it something of a three-dimensionality.

Description, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Added Analysis: 

The pictorial upon which this compound place glyph is located dates from c. 1579. Tzinacantepec (or Zinacantepec) is located in the Toluca Valley. In 1579 a woman named Guiomar de Molina (widow of Diego Hernández, described as an aserrador conquistador, sawyer conquistador), of the City of Mexico, requested a viceregal grant of two caballerías de tierra near the indigenous community. The pictorial was seemingly created at that time; at least it is referred to in the Spanish-languages records of an investigation of the land in question carried out by order of the Viceroy. The glyph is clearly glossed and is positioned above an image of a church and a group of houses [cal(li depicted in a traditional Nahua manner which represents Tzinacantepec, as well (see the gloss and the Historical Context Image). Elsewhere on the map a Spanish-language gloss indicates that the property requested by Guiomar de Molina was on the opposite side of a wall (cerca) that ran between it and lands attached to the indigenous communities in the area, a portion of which appears in grey in the lower left corner of the Historical Context Image.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Tzinacantepec (Zinacantepec, today)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Tzinacantepec, Toluca Valley, modern State of Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

places, lugares, Toluca Valley, Valle de Toluca, bat, murciélago, hill, cerro

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

tzinacan(tli), bat, biting bat,
tzonacatl, bat (a variation of the above),
tepe(tl), hill, mountain, precipice,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

murciélago, cerro

Image Source: 

Single-page codex, Archivo General de la Nación, México, Ramo de Tierras Vol. 2682, Exp. 10, Fol. 16r.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Archivo General de la Nación (AGN), México, holds the original manuscript. This image is published here under a Creative Commons license, asking that you cite the AGN and this Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs.

Historical Contextualizing Image: