Xalatlauhco (Mdz10r)

Xalatlauhco (Mdz10r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Xalatlauhco comprises two principal elements. One is the sand (xalli), shown in black dots below a stream of water (atl) emerging from a raving (atlauhtli). The water is a turquoise blue stream, trimmed with white turbinate shells and white water droplets/beads, that flows to the viewer's right. The ravine is created by the close placement of two hills or mountains (using the tepetl sign, which remains silent). The hills have the usual bell shape, painted a two-tone green with rocky outcroppings. The one on the left has its red and yellow horizontal stripes showing. The locative suffix (-co) is not shown visually, but perhaps the landscape provides a semantic locative.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Xalatlauhco, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

barrancos, arena, agua

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 10 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 30 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).