Xochichiuhcan (Mdz27r)

Xochichiuhcan (Mdz27r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This is nearly a simplex glyph, but it does have two visual components, so we are calling it a compound. It represents the place name Xochichiuhcan, with a flower (xochitl) and a horizontal arm and (left) hand holding it. The white petals of the flower are tripartite. Two small yellow circles at the ends of stamens appear above the petals. The stem of the flower is green. The arm and hand are a terracotta color.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The hand seems to suggest the role of human action in creating the flowers, in order words, cultivating them. The verb chihua, to make or do, when truncated for combining, is "chiuh," which fits the place name as expressed in the gloss. The -can locative suffix is not shown visually.

Glyphs for flowers are often highly detailed and colorful. The attention to detail and color attest to the high value placed on flowers. The two small circles at the top of this flower, the leaves, and the roots are all hallmarks that will recur with some frequency, but, naturally, this element can also be abbreviated in some compound glyphs (e.g. the example, below, from 23 recto), and it will absorb European depictions of flowers (emphasizing stem, leaves, and largely round flowers) over time. Prior to contact, flowers appeared on temples and palaces, they were cultivated in gardens (showing horticultural expertise), they were associated with a ritualized warfare, worn as necklaces and garlands, and, for these reasons and more, they were the subject of poetry. Mexicolore has a short article about the Nahuas' fondness for flowers.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

xochichivca. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Xochichiuhcan, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

hands, arms, brazos, manos, flores

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 27 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 64 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).

See Also: