Xochimaqui (MH613v)

Xochimaqui (MH613v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Xochimaqui is attested here as a man's name. The glyph shows a hand (maitl) holding a group of three flowers put together into a tight bouquet. The result looks like one big flower, but the three stems are visible below the hand. The flowers are red and white. Several anthers protrude at the top. While the hand has a semantic value, it is also a phonetic complement, reinforcing the "ma."

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Juan José Batalla Rosado suggests the xochimaqui reading over xochimanqui (personal communication, January 4, 2023.) Perhaps this means that the root verb is maca, to give, over mani, in the manner of. This can be either a name or an occupation. Here, it seems to be a name.

Clavijero (The History of Mexico, 1787) says that during the month of April the "xochimanque" (as he spelled the occupation of flower dealers) would celebrate their deity, Coatlicue, making offerings to her of “curiously woven” flower garlands. Interestingly, the glyphs in this collection for xochimaqui do not show garlands.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

agusti xochimaq~

Gloss Normalization: 

Agustín Xochimaqui (or Xochimanqui)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

1560

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Syntax: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Keywords: 

flores, xochimanqui

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Florista

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 613v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=309st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: