Xolotl (TR13v)

Xolotl (TR13v)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic representation of the anthropomorphized divine force or deity called Xolotl diverges somewhat from the glyphs of Xolotl from the Codex Mendoza, which have a focus on the dog-like head. But a close look at the head of this figure reveals a two-tone purple and gold coloring and an earring that is similar. The figure also has clawed hands and feet (or paws). Other items, such as the clawed ear ornament, suggest a Quetzalcoatl association, which Eloise Quiñones Keber (Codex Telleriano-Remensis, 1995, 184) says is borne out in some "mythical tales." The Cotton headband, skein of thread or yarn, and spindle with the cotton fluff or tassel coming off of it all point to Tlazoteotl, which Quiñones Keber finds inexplicable.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Xolo(tl), god of lightning and death, typically depicted as a dog-headed man, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xolotl

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 13 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection, https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8458267s/f52.item.zoom

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source gallica.bnf.fr / BnF.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: