yaotl (MH485r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black and white drawing of the element carved from the personal name Yaoxochitl shows a war shield. The shield is rounded on the sides, but has depressions on the perimeter at top and bottom. The shield is divided into four sections with an X-shaped cross. Inside each section is what appears to be a u-shape.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The man bearing the name Diego Yaoxochitl also has a baptismal name, Diego. Putting Yaoxochitl second to the baptismal name probably eventually led to it being seen as a surname (as a result of European influence).

This shield can be compared to other graphic styles from other tlacuilos, below. The chimalli, the typical autonomous-era shield, is more of a circle shape, and it could have feathers hanging off the bottom half. This crest may show some European influences.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Other Cultural Influences: 

armas, shields, coats of arms

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el enemigo

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 483r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=45&st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).