yecacozcayo (Mdz64r)

yecacozcayo (Mdz64r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographical example is intended to show a cutaway or section view of a shell design, which could be helpful in identifying elements of hieroglyphs. This design appears to reveal the inner coil of a conch. The shell is white, with scalloped edges. The surrounding background is red.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The art historians of Mesolore identify this as a "cut shell" design on a cape found in the Matrícula de Tributos, a precursor to the Codex Mendoza. The elements of the word yecacozcayo may include cozca-, the stem for cozcatl, necklace, knowing that shells were used for necklaces. That being said, two examples of shells below are different shells from this one. The ilacaztli and tecciztli are closer. The cutaway views of shells can reveal the inner swirls and connect them to thoughts of wind and movement.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

yecacozcayo, a cut shell design,
eca(tl), air, breath,
cozca(tl), necklace,
-yo(tl)-, having that characteristic or quality/inalienable possession,

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 64 recto,, image 138 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Historical Contextualizing Image: