zannennenqui (Mdz70r)

zannennenqui (Mdz70r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This example of iconography is included in this collection with the intention of providing material for interpreting glyphs. This zannennenqui is a man standing in partial profile, looking to the viewer's left. He wears a loincloth (only the waist band is visible) and a plain gray-white cape tied over his left shoulder. His hands and feet are twisted backward, as though he is deformed or has been injured.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The name for this person could be broken into zan nen nenqui, one who lives in vain, or lives for nothing. The gloss refers to him as a vagabond (vagamundo in Spanish), but he appears to be disabled. It could have the implication that he was and outcast and reflect a bias against alter-abled people. Note, below, several personal names that start with or contain "nen" which is often represented as a doll or "idol" image (from the point of view of the clergy), providing the negative phonetic syllable.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

vaga mundo

Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

inútil, flojera, habilidades alternativas, discapacitados, minusválidos, perjuicios, alterabled

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el vagamundo

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Alonso de Molina

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 70 recto,, image 150 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)