Acamapichtli (Mdz2v)

Acamapichtli (Mdz2v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the personal name Acamapichtli shows a vertical forearm with a fist (mapichtli) that is clutching two reed arrows (acatl). The arrows are red and yellow with gray and white feathers attached. The arm and (left) hand (maitl) are flesh toned, more tan than the usual terracotta color.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The "ma" of Acamapichtli not only comes from the fist, but from the hand. It could also be read as "ma" for take, capture. The reeds are largely yellow, but with red ends and decorations of dark gray or brown eagle feathers and white down feathers, which is the version of acatl that coincides with the arrow (mitl), but the phonetics of mitl do not enter into the name.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Acamapich, or Acamapichtli

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Number of Parts, Other / Comment: 

The word mapichtli, fist, also contains ma(itl), hand/arm, but the visual only appears once.

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Reading Order, Notes: 

The arrows are merged with the hand. As second interpretation could be that the reed-arrows (acatl) are grabbed by the hand, making the reading outward.


rulers' names, Tenochtitlan, reeds, cañas, carrizos, plants, arrows, darts, flechas, dardas, nombres de personas famosas, nombres de hombres, nombres de gobernantes

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Agarra Flechas?

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: