Amacozatl (MH624r)

Amacozatl (MH624r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Amacozatl (the name of a river in the hotlands, and perhaps translating as "Water From the Amacoztic Trees") is attested here as pertaining to a man. The top part of the glyph shows an open book, presumably made of paper (amatl). Running at a diagonal from upper left to lower right is a stream of water (atl) with a line of current (movement) down the center and droplets splashing off from both sides of the stream, two on one side and three on the other. Not all elements of the word are rendered visually in the glyph. Because this glyph has no added color, it is not known if yellow (coztic) enters into the name. Similarly, without an animal like a weasel in the glyph, it would be reckless to propose that the glyph has anything to do with a paper weasel.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

In the Codex Mendoza there is a place name called Amacoztitlan, which scholars Berdan and Karttunen have concluded refers to a "Place of Amacoztic Trees." In that case, the elements of yellow and paper seem not to be literal, but rather phonetic. But it could also refer to being near the river (and barrio) of the hotlands called the Amacozatl (also spelled Amacotzatl and Amacotzac). Alternatively, perhaps Amacozatl refers to water (or liquid?) from the Amacoztic trees. Pilar Maynez associates the river and barrio names with rainbows (cozamalotl), which involves the reversal of some syllables.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Amacozatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

agua, ríos, papel, árboles,

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Agua de los Árboles Amacoztic (?)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 624r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: