Cacallotepec (CQ)

Cacallotepec (CQ)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound sign stands for the place name Cacallotepec ("On Nut Tree Hill" or "On Raven Hill"?). The glyph has a tree in front of a hill or mountain. The tree has a green trunk that bifurcates into two groups of three fronds each. These are left uncolored. The hill or mountain (tepetl) is a green-brown, rounded, bell shape.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

We are giving the place name (and the noun at its root) the double "l," as it does not obviously appear to refer to ravens (cacalotl or cacalli). It remains to be investigated whether a nut shell cacallotl can also refer to a nut tree. The hill or mountain is verging on iconography, as it does not have the horizontal stripes at the bottom or the rocky outcroppings on the slopes.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

covers ruling men and women of Tecamachalco through 1593

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

southern Puebla state

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Other Cultural Influences: 

nuts, nueces, trees, árboles, plants, plantas, cerros, montañas, hills, mountains

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

P[ueblo] Cacalotepe[c] “At Raven Hill” [depicts cacaloxochitl iztac flower (Plumeria rubra) for phonetic value]. Matthew T. McDavitt, “Placenames in the Codex Quetzalecatzin,” unpublished essay shared 2-21-2018.

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

En la Montaña de la Cáscara de la Flor de Mayo

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Ofelia Cruz Morales (que sugiere que cacallotl quiere decir, la cáscara de la flor de mayo)

Image Source: 

The Codex Quetzalecatzin, aka Mapa de Ecatepec-Huitziltepec, Codex Ehecatepec-Huitziltepec, or Charles Ratton Codex. Library of Congress.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Library of Congress, current custodian of this pictorial Mexican manuscript, hosts a digital version online. It is not copyright protected.

Historical Contextualizing Image: