cacaxtli (Mdz42r)

cacaxtli (Mdz42r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic example of a carrying frame (or packframe) for the human back with the tumpline that would go over the forehead is included here as a comparison for carrying frames that may appear in glyphs. The frame looks like a small wooden ladder. It is upright here. The tumpline appears to have a white rope with a woven reed band for the forehead.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

See the detailed study by Ian Mursell of the carrying frame published in Mexicolore.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

estructura para llevar cosas en la espalda, transporte, carrying frames, cacax

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 42 recto,, image 94 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)