Cachua (MH497r)

Cachua (MH497r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Cachua (pronounced Cac-hua, and here attested as a man's name) shows a profile view of an Indigenous sandal/shoe (cactli). It is facing toward the viewer's right. It has a foundation, a woven heel covering, and an ankle strap (which was sometimes long enough to wrap part of the calf). It was usually made of leather, although sometimes the base could be fiber. The -hua suffix, for possession, is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The rough translation would be Shoe-Possessor. It could carry some status, as it was largely the elite that wore cactli. Sometimes they were decorated with metal, gems, or jaguar skins. [See: Barbara A. Somervill, Empire of the Aztecs (2009, 100).] As shown in the examples below, sometimes the back of the sandal was a solid piece of leather, whereas this one is woven. Also, the examples from the Codex Mendoza suggest that the ankle tie was a leather strap dyed red.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Cachua

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

sandals, shoes, sandalias, cactles, huaraches

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 497r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: