xo (Mdz41r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This element for xo (foot, feet) has been carved from the compound sign for the place name, Xocoyoltepec. It shows a human foot in profile, facing to our right, and wearing a white shoe or sandal (cactli) with a red leather tie.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Not all glyphs for feet in the Codex Mendoza show footwear (cactli), which may be a sign of status or privilege on the part of the wearer. It may also be owing to the apparent fact that the foot belongs to a dancer, for above the shoe (see the entry for Xocoyoltepec) are some bells and a leg wrap made from jaguar (ocelotl) skin.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

foot, feet, shoes, sandals

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

xo-, an element with the sense of foot in compounds, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xo
xopil(li), the toes of the foot, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xopilli
icxopol(li), the sole of the foot, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/icxopolli
xocpal(li), the sole of the foot, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xocpalli
-pan (locative suffix), https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/pan
pano, to cross or cross over, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/pano

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el pie

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 41 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 92 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).