Calyahualco (Mdz22r)

Calyahualco (Mdz22r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Cayahualco consists of a profile-view of a house or building (calli) with a circle around it (yahualli). These are black-line drawings. The house or building is white with the exception of the timbers, which have a t-shape and a terracotta color.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The -yahualco ending on a place name may provide a locative suffix meaning "encircling." In this case, the result may be "Encircling the House" or "Around the House." Starr thought the translation should be a place surrounded by houses. See also Tlachyahualco (below, right), which might mean "Encircling the Ball Court."

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Calyahualco, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Syntax (patterns): 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

houses, buildings, architecture, casas, edificios, arquitectura, circular, círculos

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Karttunen’s Interpretation: 

"In the Circle of Houses" (apparently agreeing with Berdan and Anawalt) [Frances Karttunen, unpublished manuscript, used here with her permission.]

Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

"In the Circle of Houses" (Berdan and Anawalt, 1992, vol. 1, p. 176); "Place Surrounded by Houses" (Frederick Starr,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

"Dentro del Círculo de Casas" (traducción por SW de la traducción al inglés de Berdan y Anawalt); o "Lugar Circunvalado de Casas" (

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 22 recto,, image 54 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).