chiconpohualli pesos (Chav1)

chiconpohualli pesos (Chav1)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This series of compound glyphs, each representing twenty pesos, serves as a anotation for 140 pesos (chiconpohualli pesos). It shows five plus two more of these compound signs representing 20 pesos each. Each 20-peso sign is a red crescent with a corn cob inside it, a double logogram. The segmentation into visible kernels is what suggests maize. A vertical red line separates the two groups, five on the left and two on the right. Chicon- is a truncation of the number seven (chicome). Pohualli means one count of twenty.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The reference is to the number of pesos, and corn is not literally present. The association between corn cobs and the number twenty is a cultural one. Twenty is a "full count" in the vigesimal system, and twenty ears of corn was probably a customary grouping.

The line separating five from two twenties is a reminder that the chico- (chicu-, chiuh-) start to numbers larger than five (such as chicome, seven) contains an old root that Richard Andrews calls a "special form of the adverbialized nounstem," referring to "one side."

See some other configurations of groups of pesos below.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

chicō poualli.

Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Number of Parts, Other / Comment: 


Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

números, monedas, pesos, dinero, coins, money, numbers, maize, corn

Museum & Rare Book Comparisons: 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

140 pesos

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

The Codex Chavero of Huexotzinco (or Códice Chavero de Huexotzinco),

Image Source, Rights: 

The Codex Chavero of Huexotzinco (or Códice Chavero de Huexotzinco) is held by the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, México. It is published online by the World Digital Library and the Library of Congress, which is “unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: