Chiconquiyauhco (Mdz7v)

Chiconquiyauhco (Mdz7v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Chiconquiyauhco includes three notable elements. First, at the top, is the image of seven dots representing the number seven (chicome, which has the trunk chicon-). Below the number is a bell-shaped hill or mountain (tepetl), which is silent in the place name but may provide a locative for the (-co) locative suffix, which is otherwise not visible. The hill is a typical two-tone green with rocky outcroppings on its slopes and horizontal yellow and red stripes at its base. Inside the hill are three rain drops. They are short, vertical streams of water with a white, round droplet at the bottom of each stream.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The day sign that seems to contribute to this place name would come from the tonalpohualli, the 260-day divinatory calendar. Calendrics figure importantly in Nahuas' religious views of the cosmos. And, this place name points to a calendrical date of probably some significance. Berdan and Anawalt suggest that the date and place have a religious significance, suggesting Chiconquiahuitl, an "earth and water goddess revered by merchants." They cite Sahagún (1950–1982, I:43, and 2:213). There is a Chiconquiaco in the state of Veracrus. But another argument can be made for the location of the hacienda "Chiconcuac" in the state of Morelos, given the surrounding place names in this part of the Codex Mendoza, according to the 1888 Boletín de la Sociedad Mexicana de Geografía y Estadística.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Chiconquiauhco, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

rain, lluvia, hills, mountains, cerros, montañas, dates, fechas, calendars, calendarios

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Karttunen’s Interpretation: 

"In the Place of Seven-Rain" (apparently agreeing with Berdan and Anawalt) [Frances Karttunen, unpublished manuscript, used here with her permission.]

Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

"In the Place of Seven-Rain" (Berdan and Anawalt, 1992, vol. 1, p. 177)

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).