Chiconquiyauhco (MH595v)

Chiconquiyauhco (MH595v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the place name Chiconquiyauhco (“At 7-Rain,” which is calendar-based) shows a frontal view of a white building, and on the roof are three (not seven) rain glyphs. Rain is a day sign of the calendar; sometimes it is represented by the head of Tlaloc, the divine force of rain. But these glyphic elements here each have a triangular flow of water with a large droplet/bead at the bottom. The frontal view of the building helps the reader see that there is an entrance (quiyahuac), which serves as a phonetic reinforcement for the reading of rain (quiyahuitl).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This place name involves a day sign that comes from the tonalpohualli, the 260-day divinatory calendar. Calendrics figure importantly in Nahuas' religious views of the cosmos.

As our Online Nahuatl Dictionary entry for quiyahuitl shows, there was a strong relationship between tears and raindrops. When children cried, people believed that to be a sign that it would rain. Rainfall had a strong association with the deity or priest called Tlaloc, who could bring on the rain and facilitate fertility in agriculture (Florentine Codex, Book 1). Tlaloc wore a necklace of green stones, which also symbolized water or precious raindrops.

For a visual of rain in the Florentine Codex, with its companion number "one" (also a day name), see this page in the Digital Florentine Codex, published by the Getty Research Institute.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Chiconquiyauhco, barrio

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huexotzinco, Matrícula de (MH)

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

numbers, números, siete, tres, seven, three, rain, lluvia, storm, tormenta, casa, edificios, arquitectura nombres de lugares, dates, fechas, signos de días, quiyahuac, entradas, afueras

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

En Siete-Lluvia, En 7-Lluvia

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 595v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: