Chimalpopoca (Mdz4v)

Chimalpopoca (Mdz4v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This glyph for the personal name Chimalpopoca is one of two that appear on folio 4 verso. It shows a turquoise-blue rimmed, yellow shield with seven small white circular shapes (down balls), ihuiteteyo) on the yellow background of the shield. Coming out of the top of the shield are four puffs of gray or purple smoke with an orange or terracotta lining.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Shields and smoke have war associations. Down feather balls are associated with death. The ihuiteteyo shield design has an association with Tenochtitlan. Chimalpopoca was the third emperor of the Aztec empire that was based at Tenochtitlan. The historical context for this name glyph shows that Chimalpopoca's eyes are closed, an indicator that he is deceased. This is also confirmed by the gloss, "difunto" (which is deceased in Spanish). The context also shows him sitting on a woven stool, wearing a tilmatli (cape), and wearing a native crown (xiuhhuitzolli)--all indicators of his status and authority as a ruler.

Another example of a compound glyph for the name Chimalpopoca can be seen below. It includes arrows and has s different color scheme. It is from the Codex Telleriano-Rememsis.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Chimalpopoca, difunto (deceased)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

shields, escudos, rodelas, feathers, plumas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

Smoking Shield

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Rodela Humeante

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: