Citlalcholoaqui (TR44v)

Citlalcholoaqui (TR44v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This colorful painting of the compound glyph for Venus (Citlalcholoaqui) shows a canal-like container, outlined in yellow and containing the blue sky (ilhuicatl). In the middle of the sky is one large, white star (citlalin). The star must be the morning star, Venus. Above the sky, four scrolling puffs of smoke escape, perhaps indicating the verb choloa (to run or jump), which has a role in the Nahuatl name for Venus. The smoke curls are dark gray on the outside, orange on the inside, and red at the base.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Venus is the second planet from the sun, but it is often called either the Morning Star or the Evening Star, which are times of day when it can be especially visible. This association with the rising and setting sun did not go unnoticed. The planet therefore had different names based on the timing of its visibility: "Entre los nahuas Venus es Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli por la mañana y Xólotl por la tarde" says María Teresa Uriarte, Arte y arqueología en el altiplano central de México (2018). Miguel León-Portilla points out that Venus--which he says was called Citlalpol or Hueicitlalin--was linked to Quetzalcoatl dating back to the time of Teotihuacan. See his book, Aztec Thought and Culture (2012), 51.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

y finjen que hu[-]
meavan la estrella
quellos llaman sitlal[-]
cholohaque Es la q~ no[-]
sotros dezimos venus

Gloss Normalization: 

and they allege that the star that they call Citlalcholoaqui, which is the one that we call Venus, used to smoke

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

stars, estrellas, cometas, humear, huir, sciencias, science, astronomy

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 44 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection,

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: