coyolli (Mdz40r)

coyolli (Mdz40r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic example of a red string with jingle bells hanging from it is provided here as a comparison for looking at glyphs of bells. This example has four bells, each one with a loop at the top for stringing. The string may be a red leather thong as used for so many objects that involve tying. The bells are a terracotta-orange, which would support the glossator's interpretation of the metal being copper. Each bell has two sets of horizontal lines, and each one has an opening at the bottom where the sound can escape.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

caxcaueles grandes
de latón / o co

Gloss Normalization: 

cascabeles grandes de latón o cobre

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood


jingle bells, campanas, campanillas, cobre, pinjantes, suenan, metales

Museum & Rare Book Comparisons: 
Museum/Rare Book Notes: 

coyolli. A trio of bells engraved on a fragment of a representation of Coyolxauhqui, Museo del Templo Mayor. The Museo suggests that the sculpture may have been destroyed during or soon after the Spanish siege of Tenochtitlan (1521-25). Photography by Robert Haskett, 15 February 2023, who also wrote these comments.

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 


Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 40 recto,, image 90 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)