Oyohual (MH498v)

Oyohual (MH498v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Oyohual ("Jingle Bell," attested here as a man's name) shows a frontal view of a string of four jingle bells hanging downward and attached to a curving cord or perhaps a leather strip, and from there they were attached to men's legs. Warriors sometimes danced with these bells. Each bell has a horizontal, curving black line at about the middle. A slit appears at the bottom of each bell, where the sound would come out. The emerging sound is not shown here visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The Codex Mendoza (below) does capture the emergence of sound from a bell such as this. Most bells in this collection are called coyolli rather than oyohualli. The example of the personal name Tzilin, from the verb "for a bell to ring," shows more of a European style bell. This is from the Matrícula de Huexotzinco (below).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Oyohual

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


bells, campanas, campanillas, suenan, metales, pinjantes

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

oyohual(li), leg bells worn by dancers/warriors, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/oyohualli
coyol(li), a small bell, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/coyolli
tzilini, for a bell to ring, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/tzilini

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Campanilla o Cascabel

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 498v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=76&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: