Oyohual (MH634r)

Oyohual (MH634r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This painting of a compound glyph for the personal name Oyohual ("Jingle Bell," attested here as a man's name) shows the head of what may be a dog with a black rubber ball (olli) in its mouth. This seems to serve as a phonetic indicator for the start of the name O-. Another possibility is that the black circle refers to the night (yohualli, which is a year homophone for oyohualli). If both of these elements, the ball and the night are coming into play, then this compound is fully phonographic, as there is nothing here that looks like a leg bell (oyohualli) that dancers wore.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The dog's head is shown in a 3/4 view, which suggests European influence. This is also the only glyph in this collection so far (March 2024) where a dog has a ball in its mouth. The dog's full role in the glyph is unclear.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


campanillas, campanas, pinjantes, metales, suenan

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Campanilla o Cascabel

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 634r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=350st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: