Oyohual (MH499r)

Oyohual (MH499r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Oyohual ("Jingle Bell," attested as a man's name) shows a frontal view of a curving string with four jingle bells (oyohualli) that were typically tied to legs for dancing. Warriors were known to wear them.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

While this particular glyph for oyohualli is somewhat simplified compared to others, these bells still look much like the autonomous-era copper and gold bells that have been found in archaeological sites, and not like the European-style bells (such as the tzilin shown below) that would come to hang in churches after colonization.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Oyohual

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood and Stephanie Wood


campanillas, campanas, pinjantes, metales, suenan, jingle bells

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

oyohual(li), jingle bells, often worn by dancers/warriors, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/oyohualli

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Campanilla o Cascabel

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 499r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=77&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: