Oyohual (MH495v)

Oyohual (MH495v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Oyohual (from oyohualli, "Jingle Bell," a leg bell worn in dancing, sometimes by warriors). Oyohual is attested here as a man’s name. The glyph shows a frontal view of three hanging bells with a double-horizontal line across their middles and an opening at the lower end for the sound to escape. The three bells are hanging by strings or wires from a device at the top-center of the glyph.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The Codex Mendoza (below) does capture the emergence of sound from a bell such as this. Most bells in this collection are called coyolli rather than oyohualli. The example of the personal name Tzilin, from the verb "for a bell to ring," shows more of a European style bell. This is from the Matrícula de Huexotzinco (below).

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Diego Oyohual

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


jingle bells, suenan, metales, campanas, campanillas, pinjantes

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

oyohual(li), jingle bell, or a leg bell worn by dancers/warriors, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/oyohualli

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Campanilla o Cascabel

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 495v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=70&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: