Cuetzpaltlatzalan (CQ)

Cuetzpaltlatzalan (CQ)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Cuetzpaltlatzalan consists of a brown mountain with two peaks, and a greenish-brown lizard (cuetzpal(in)) in the gorge (tlatzalan) between the peaks. On top of each peak is what appears to be a green nopalli (prickly pear cactus).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This compound glyph may translate as the "gorge of the lizard." The nopal cacti, besides being prevalent in the local landscape, just might also serve as a phonetic complement for the "pal" in cuetzpalin. The lizard is a calendrical sign, which may or may not enter into the significance of the place name. The context image shows a large parcel of land near the place name hieroglyph, and the glyph may intend to name the parcel.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

covers ruling men and women of Tecamachalco through 1593

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

southern Puebla state

Semantic Categories: 
Syntax (patterns): 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (of compounds or simplex + notation): 
Number of Parts, Other / Comment: 

There are two elements that enter into the reading. It is not clear whether the nopalli cacti have a specific, phonetic role in the place name.

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Other Cultural Influences: 

cacti, cactos, lizards, lagartos, quebradas, gorges

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

cuetzpal(in), lizard or iguana, calendar marker, personal name,
tlatzalan, gorge,

Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

P[ueblo] Cuetzpal Tlatzalla[n] “Valley of the Lizards.” Matthew T. McDavitt, “Placenames in the Codex Quetzalecatzin,” unpublished essay shared 2-21-2018.

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

La Quebrada del Lagarto

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

The Codex Quetzalecatzin, aka Mapa de Ecatepec-Huitziltepec, Codex Ehecatepec-Huitziltepec, or Charles Ratton Codex. Library of Congress.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Library of Congress, current custodian of this pictorial Mexican manuscript, hosts a digital version on line. It is not copyright protected.

Historical Contextualizing Image: