Itztepec (Mdz23r)

Itztepec (Mdz23r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Itztepec comprises an obsidian blade (itztli)] on top of a hill or mountain (tepetl). In one other example of the itztli blade on the hill, it is a leaf shape (oval with pointed ends), black in the middle and white along the edges. But here it is a black curved blade, point to the right. The locative suffix (-c) (as given in the gloss) is not shown visually, but it combines with -tepe- to form -tepec, a visual locative suffix meaning "on the hill" or "on the mountain."

Added Analysis: 

As attested in our Online Nahuatl Dictionary, obsidian blades were pervasive in Aztec culture and had myriad uses, as knives, razors, lancets, arrowheads, and surgical tools. There was also a deity associated with the name Itztli.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

yztepec. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Itztepec, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

knives, blades, flint, mountains, hills

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 23 recto,, image 56 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).