Itztocan (Mdz42r)

Itztocan (Mdz42r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Itztocan shows an upright obsidian (itztli) blade or knife that has a red mouth and four white teeth on the right side. Underneath the knife are three horizontal, alternating footprints that move along an invisible road (otli). the locative suffix (-can) is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Alternating footprints show movement across the landscape, and can imply a road. Here, the "o" of otli (road) has a phonetic role in the middle of the place name, Itztocan. The stem for obsidian (itzt-) also seems to play a phonetic role. Together, the two sounds produce the word itztoc, which means "something visible." So, this place may have a great view or some other characteristic that led to this name.

Footprint glyphs have a wide range of translations. In this collection, so far, we can attest to yauh, xo, pano, -pan, paina, temo, nemi, quetza, otli, iyaquic hualiloti, huallauh, tetepotztoca, totoco, -tihui, and the vowel "o." Other research (Herrera et al, 2005, 64) points to additional terms, including: choloa, tlaloa, totoyoa, eco, aci, quiza, maxalihui, centlacxitl, and xocpalli.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

ytztucan. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Itztocan, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

obsidian blades, flint knife, flint knives, roads, paths, trails

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

El Lugar de la Buenavista(?)

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 42 recto,, image 94 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).