Necuametl (MH522r)

Necuametl (MH522r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Necuametl (a type of agave, attested here as a man's name) shows a dramatic, upright feather with alternating black and white segments in the vane and downy barbs at the base.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

See the Florentine Codex image of a necuametl, which compares well to the tzihuactli, suggests that they are both agaves. See below. In some glyphs for both necuametl and tzihuactli, the visual can be what looks like a tree trunk with the branches cut off in such a way as to leave stubs. Since both of these terms have a "hua" sound, perhaps the tree or wood (cuahuitl) serves as a phonetic indicator.

The gloss says nothing about feathers, so this is a puzzle. What bird provided this feather is also unclear, but it is something like the feathers associated with the names Ayocuan and Cuazol (see below). Quail feathers are striking.

The name Necuametl was apparently held by a governor of Chalco. [See: Manuel Orozco y Berra, Historia antigua y de la conquista de México: 3.pte (1880, 310).] Perhaps this Necuamets was associated with a type of feather headdress that this single feather is meant to recall.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

antonio neguametl

Gloss Normalization: 

Antonio Necuametl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

feathers, plumas, agaves

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 522r, World Digital Library.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: