Nenca (MH608r)

Nenca (MH608r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Nenca ("Idle" or "Unemployed") is attested here as a woman's name. It shows a human head in profile looking toward the viewer's right. The short hair might suggest that this is a man, but then the cheek has the double vertical lines of the phonetic syllable "hua," which could mean "cihuatl" (woman), in this case.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The context shows that this is a woman's name, and the tears suggest that she is a widow. Nencauh, a seeming variation on the name Nenca, refers to a servant, which could presumably be male or female. A "nencacihuatl" is found in the collection Vidas y Bienes Olvidados edited by Teresa Rojas Rabiela, Elsa Leticia Rea López, and Constantino Medina (1999), 242–243. In that example, it is a woman's name, and it specifies that the nenca was meant to be thought of as a female (at least in that case).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

maria neca

Gloss Normalization: 

María Nenca

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

widow, abandoned one, idle person, sad, sentimientos, triste, viuda, abandonada, mujer ociosa, floja

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Mujer Ociosa

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 608r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: