Nencihuatl (MH633r)

Nencihuatl (MH633r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Nencihuatl (perhaps "Useless Woman") is attested here as a woman's name. It is a profile view of a woman looking toward the viewer's right. She wears the classic hairstyle (neaxtlahualli) that married sedentary women (cihuatl) wore (with the hair twisted up into two points above their foreheads). But this shape on the head also echoes the rectangular points recalling the doll or deity image (nenetl) that is so common in the Matrícula de Huexotzinco, providing the "nen-" syllable. This nen- syllable seems to be a negative in most cases.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Nencihuatl is found in the dictionary, but necihuatl is not. A dropping of the letter "n" is not at all unusual; so perhaps it should be there, even though it does not appear in the gloss. If the reading should NOT be nen-, then the only other hint at a different reading comes from the dictionary term "necihuatiliztli" (a man's marriage to a woman).

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Ágata Nencihuatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

women, mujeres, dolls, muñecas, nombres de mujeres, nombres negativos

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Mujer Foja

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 633r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: