Olli (MH518v)

Olli (MH518v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Olli ("Rubber" or "Rubber Ball," attested here as a man's name) doubles as the glyph for movement (olin). It has a black round center which seems to be a black rubber ball (olli), and framing this center are two upright shapes that curve around it but extend above and below it in straight lines. Pointed protrusions come off both the left and right side of this complex.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Olin was a day name in the 260-day divinatory calendar called the tonalpohualli in Nahuatl. This calendar had a role in various Mesoamerican religions, including the Mixtec.

The gloss, with its two intrusive "n's" could represent an effort to clarify that the glyph is olin, but the visuals seem to emphasize olli. The size of the black ball in the center of this glyph points to the noun olli (rubber, or rubber ball) as a possible emphasis. The structure around the ball provides a phonetic complement by including the near homophone ("olin," movement) in the glyph complex. Rubber, of course, has an association with movement and especially the movement of the sun depicted in the ball game (see James Maffie, Aztec Philosophy, 2014, 197–199). See Maffie (2014,185–260) for a fuller discussion of olin, too. See below for some other examples of olli and olin.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

peo onllin

Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Olin

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

1560

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Syntax: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood and Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Keywords: 

movement, movimiento, hule, pelotas, balls, rubber

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Movimiento, o Temblor

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 518v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=116&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: