Panchimalco (HJ276:79:pt2:89r)

Panchimalco (HJ276:79:pt2:89r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph is the place name for Panchimalco, Cuernavaca (Cuauhnahuac). It consists of a drawing of a flag or banner (pantli) in profile, facing right. The banner is connected at its base with the sign for a shield (chimalli), which is in a frontal view. The locative suffix -co is not depicted visually.

Description, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Added Analysis: 

This compound place name glyph appears on a pictorial manuscript submitted by indigenous petitioners on or around October 11, 1549, as evidence during a land dispute between the Cuernavacan community of Panchimalco and the Marquesado del Valle. One of the pictorials found in the so-called Códice del Marquesado del Valle, it pictures a parcel of agricultural land belonging to the community that had allegedly been usurped by the Marqués twelve years previously, when it was planted with sugar cane. The place name is linked to a representation of a calli (perhaps a calpixcan, the place where tribute is collected, a term which is found in Spanish texts associated with the pictorial), an image clearly asserting that the community of Panchimalco was the legitimate holder of the parcel in question (see the historical contextualizing image, below). For more information, consult Von Mentz, Cuauhnahuac, 2008, 118, 472; Códices indígenas de algunos pueblos del Marquesado, 1933 and 1883, “Códice núm. 9; and Santiago Sánchez, Códices del Marquesado del Valle, 2003, 86-122.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

barrio de panchimalco

Gloss Normalization: 

barrio de Panchimalco

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Panchimalco, Cuernavaca, Morelos

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

place name, nombre de lugar, banner, bandera, shield, escudo, rodela, xiuhpohualli, año, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

pan(tli), flag or banner,
chimal(li), war shield,
calpix(can), el lugar donde guardan algo, Gran Diccionario Náhuatl,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

En la Bandera-Rodela (?)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Single-page codex, Archivo General de la Nación, México, Ramo de Hospital de Jesús, leg. 276, Exp. 79, pt. 2, fol. 89r.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Archivo General de la Nación (AGN), México, holds the original manuscript. This image is published here under a Creative Commons license, asking that you cite the AGN and this Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs.

Historical Contextualizing Image: