Temazcalapan (Mdz21v)

Temazcalapan (Mdz21v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Temazcalapan consists primarily of a steam bath (temazcalli) and water (atl). The building is white with a terracotta-colored frame around the door, which is probably wooden. Smoke emerges (popoca) here and there, but this does not play into the phonetics of the place name. The water is turquoise-colored, and has the usual white water droplets/beads and white turbinate shells.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The building (calli) provides the "cal" of the temazcalli, but some iconography also goes into this steam bath. The water is what makes steam, and the smoke indicates that the water for the steam is being created with fire. The water can stretch to provide the "apan" suffix if we read it as apantli]. Architecturally interesting is the extension to the building (calli), where the smoke is vented. The cracks may suggest that the hole in the wall was broken after the wall was already constructed.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 21 verso, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 53 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).